PRARANCANGAN PABRIK EPICHLOROHYDRIN DARI DICHLOROHYDRIN DAN SODIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201))

Redilla Pratiwi Sirya, 0915041056 (2015) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK EPICHLOROHYDRIN DARI DICHLOROHYDRIN DAN SODIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK] Pabrik epichlorohydrin berbahan baku dichlorohydrin dan sodium hidroksida, akan didirikan di Purwakarta, Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi epichlorohydrin sebanyak 50.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah dichlorohydrin sebanyak 862,78 kg/jam dan sodium hidroksida sebanyak 795,29 kg/jam. Jumlah karyawan sebanyak 175 orang dengan bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 451.126.572.835,51,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 78.049.580.075,35,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 529.176.152.910,86,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 52% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 30% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 3 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 20 % Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 99.679.724.646,25/tahun Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik epichlorohydrin ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT plant to produce epichlorohydrin from dichlorohydrin and sodium hydroxide is planned to be located at Purwakarta, West Java. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Capacity of the plant is 50.000 tons/year operating 24 hour/day and 330 working days/year. The plant required 862,78 kg/hr dichlorohydrin and 795,29 kg/hr sodium hydroxide. Quantity of labor is around 175 people. The plant is managed as a Limited Liability Company (PT), which is headed by a Director who is assisted by a Director of Production and Director of Finance. The company is organized in the form of line and staff structure. From analysis of the plant economy is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 451.126.572.835,51,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 78.049.580.075,35,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 529.176.152.910,86,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 52% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 30% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 3 year Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 20 % Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 99.679.724.646,25/year By considering above the summary, it is suitable study further the epichlorohydrin plant since plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 958646 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 02:52
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2015 02:52
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/11326

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