PERBANDINGAN NILAI KAPASITAS VITAL PARU, FORCED EXPIRED VOLUME IN ONE SECOND DAN MEAN ARTERIAL BLOOD PRESSURE PADA ATLET BASKET DAN ATLET LARI SPRIN

SARAH WINDIA BARESTI , 1218011135 (2016) PERBANDINGAN NILAI KAPASITAS VITAL PARU, FORCED EXPIRED VOLUME IN ONE SECOND DAN MEAN ARTERIAL BLOOD PRESSURE PADA ATLET BASKET DAN ATLET LARI SPRIN. FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK kardiorespirasi. Olahraga terdiri dari olahraga aerob dan olahraga anaerob. Salah satu contoh olahraga aerob adalah basket dan contoh olahraga anaerob adalah lari sprin. Olahraga aerob lebih mendominasi pada sistem respirasi, sedangkan olahraga anaerob mendominasi pada sistem kardiovaskular. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbandingan kapasitas vital paru, forced expired volume in one second, dan mean arterial blood pressure pada atlet basket dan atlet lari sprin. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik komparatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan September 2015 di Stadion Pahoman Bandar Lampung dan Dino Sport Bandar Lampung. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 15 atlet basket dan 20 atlet lari sprin. Sampel penelitan ini ditentukan menggunakan teknik total sampling kemudian disesuaikan dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh nilai kapasitas vital paru atlet basket 5,80 liter dan atlet lari sprin 3,74 liter memiliki selisih 2,06 liter. Berdasarkan uji alternatif Mann-Whitney didapatkan p=0,001, sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbandingan bermakna nilai kapasitas vital paru pada atlet basket dan atlet lari sprin. Hasil penelitian forced expired volume in one second atlet basket 3,93 dan atlet lari sprin 2,45 dengan selisih 1,45. Berdasarkan uji T tidak berpasangan didapatkan p=0,000. Pada penelitian mean arterial blood pressure pada atlet basket diperoleh 91,98 mmHg dan atlet lari sprin 95,98 mmHg. Berdasarkan uji alternatif Mann-Whitney didapatkan p=0,004, sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbandingan bermakna nilai mean arterial blood pressure pada atlet basket dan atlet lari sprin. Kata kunci: atlet,basket, FEV1, kapasitas vital paru, lari sprin, MABP ABSTRACT Sport is a routine physical activity associated with cardio-respiratory system. Exercise consists of aerobic exercise and anaerobic exercise. One example of aerobic exercise is basketball and one of example of anaerobic is sprints. Aerobic exercise is more dominant on the respiratory system, whereas anaerobic exercise dominating on the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to compare the lung vital capacity, forced expired volume in one second, and mean arterial blood pressure in basketball athletes and sprinter athletes. This study design using comparative analytical method with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted in September 2015 in Pahoman Stadium and Dino Sport Bandar Lampung Bandar Lampung. These samples included 15 basketball athletes and 20 sprints athletes. The research sample was determined using total sampling technique then adjusted with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results obtained that lung vital capacity value basketball athletes is 5.80 liter and for sprints runners is 3.74 liter and has a difference of 2.06 liters. According to the Mann-Whitney alternative test obtained that p = 0.001, so it concluded there is a significant comparison value in lung vital capacity in basketball athletes and sprinter athletes. Results of research of forced expired volume in one second of basketball athletes run is 3.93 and sprinter athletes is 2.45, with a difference is 1.45. Based on the independent t test obtained that p = 0.000. In the mean arterial blood pressure research on basketball athletes gained 91.98 mmHg and 95.98 mmHg for sprinter athletes. Based on the Mann-Whitney test alternative, it is obtained that p = 0.004, so it concluded there is significant comparison of mean arterial blood pressure in basketball athletes and sprinter athletes. Keywords: athletes, basketball, FEV1, MABP, sprinting, vital capacity of the lungs

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Kedokteran > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: 4706595 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 06:22
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 06:22
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/20667

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