DETERMINAN SOSIAL SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI PUSKESMAS PANJANG

RIO GASA HANDRIYO, 1218011130 (2016) DETERMINAN SOSIAL SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI PUSKESMAS PANJANG. FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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ABSTRAK.pdf

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.pdf

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COVER DALAM.pdf

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COVER LUAR.pdf

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DAFTAR GAMBAR.pdf

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DAFTAR ISI.pdf

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DAFTAR TABEL.pdf

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PENGESAHAN.pdf

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PERNYATAAN.pdf

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PERNYATAAN.pdf

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PERSETUJUAN.pdf

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SANWACANA.pdf

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK Latar Belakang : Tuberkulosis (TB) paru adalah penyakit menular langsung yang menyerang paru–paru. Terdapat beberapa faktor risiko yang meningkatkan risiko terinfeksi TB. Determinan sosial adalah faktor yang penting dalam kejadian TB, dikarenakan secara langsung maupun melalui faktor risiko dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan seseorang. Komponen determinan sosial adalah pendidikan, pendapatan, pekerjaan, kelas sosial, jenis kelamin, dan etnik. Tujuan dilakukannya penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui besar risiko determinan sosial terhadap kejadian TB paru di Puskesmas Panjang. Metode Penelitian : Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Case Control. Populasi kasus pada penelitian ini diambil dari penderita TB BTA (+) pada bulan April - Agustus yang berjumlah 40 kasus. Sampel pada kasus diambil menggunakan metode total sampling berjumlah 40 kasus. Pada sampel kontrol digunakan metode 1:1 sehingga jumlah sampel kontrol sama dengan sampel kasus sebanyak 40 responden yang diambil menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji Chi Square. Hasil Penelitian : Hasil penelitian didapatkan faktor risiko kejadian Tuberkulosis Paru adalah pendidikan yang rendah (OR=3,333; 95%CI:1,27-8,68), pendapatan rendah (OR=4,583; 95%CI:1,68-12,4), kelas sosial rendah (OR=3,208; 95%CI:1,26-8,16). Sedangkan tidak memiliki pekerjaan bukan merupakan faktor risiko kejadian TB paru. Kesimpulan : Determinan sosial yang terdiri dari pendidikan, penghasilan, dan kelas sosial yang rendah meningkatkan risiko kejadian TB paru. Kata Kunci : TB Paru, Determinan Sosial, Risiko Kejadian TB Paru. ABSTRACT Background : Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease that directly attack the lungs. There are several risk factors that increase tuberculosis infection. Social determinants are important factor in incidence of TB, due directly or through risk factors can affect a person's health. Components of social determinants are education, income, occupation, social class, gender, and ethnicity. The purpose of this study is to determine the risk of social determinants on the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Puskesmas Panjang. Methods : This study used case-control methods. The population of cases were taken from patients with TB BTA (+) in April-August totaling 40 cases. Case's sample is take by using total sampling methods numbered 40. In the control's sample used 1 : 1 methods, it means total amount of control's sample have the same amount with case's sample as much as 40 respondents drawn using purposive sampling technique. Data analysis was performed with Chi Square test. Results : The results showed the risk factors Tuberculosis incidence are low education (OR=3.333; 95%CI:1.27-8.68), low income (OR=4.583; 95%CI:1.68-12,4), have no class (OR=3.208; 95%CI:1.26-8.16). While have no occupation is not a risk factor for the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion : The social determinants which consists of lower education, lower income, and lower social class increases the risk of the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. Keywords : Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Social Determinants, Risk Factors of Pulmonary TB

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Kedokteran > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: 5372400 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2016 02:33
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2016 02:33
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/20733

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