HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI PROTEIN KEDELAI SERTA KONSUMSI SERAT MAKANAN DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PADA PASIEN PUSKESMAS KEDATON BANDAR LAMPUNG

Sartika Safitri, 1218011136 (2016) HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI PROTEIN KEDELAI SERTA KONSUMSI SERAT MAKANAN DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PADA PASIEN PUSKESMAS KEDATON BANDAR LAMPUNG. FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK. Peningkatan kadar kolesterol total merupakan salah satu tanda gangguan metabolisme lipid (dislipidemia). Salah satu konsekuensi utama dislipidemia adalah terjadinya penyakit jantung koroner (PJK). Konsumsi protein kedelai dan serat makanan diyakini memiliki efek hipokolesterolisme. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan konsumsi protein kedelai serta konsumsi serat makanan dengan kadar kolesetrol total. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Desember 2015 sampai Januari 2016 di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Kedaton Bandar Lampung dengan metode observasional analitik dan pendekatan cross sectional, jumlah sampel sebanyak 40 orang, berusia 18-45 tahun. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara consecutive sampling. Konsumsi protein kedelai dan serat makanan dinilai dengan SQFFQ, kadar kolesterol total puasa diukur dengan metode CHOD-PAP. Data dianalisis secara univariat dan bivariat menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dengan α=0,05. Rerata konsumsi protein kedelai, serat makanan dan kadar kolesterol total subjek penelitian berturut-turut adalah 15,35±10,68 gram/hari, 7,34±3,06 gram/hari, dan 178 mg/dL. Koefisien korelasi menunjukkan hubungan negatif kadar kolesetrol total serum dengan konsumsi protein kedelai dan serat makanan (p = 0,043, r = -0,321; p = 0,010, r = -0,402). Kesimpulan, terdapat hubungan konsumsi protein kedelai serta konsumsi serat makanan dengan kadar kolesterol total. Semakin tinggi konsumsi protein kedelai dan konsumsi serat makanan maka semakin rendah kadar kolesterol total. Kata Kunci: kadar kolesterol total, protein kedelai, serat makanan ABSTRACT. Increased levels of total cholesterol serum is one of lipid metabolism disorder sign (dislipidemia). The main consequences of dislipidemia is coronary heart disesase (CHD). Soy protein and dietary fiber are believed have hypocholesterolemic effect. This study aimed to determine the correlation of soy protein and dietary fiber consumption with total cholesterol level. This study was conducted on Desember 2015 until January 2016 in Puskesmas Rawat Inap Kedaton Bandar Lampung with observational analytic method and cross sectional approach. Sampling was taken by consecutive sampling and obtained 40 respondents, aged 18-45 years. Soy protein and dietary fiber intakes were collected by SQFFQ. Fasting total cholesterol level was measured by fotometric with CHOD-PAP method. Data were analyzed with univariate and bivariate by Pearson correlation test. Mean intakes of soy protein, dietary fiber, and serum total cholesterol level of respondents are 15,35±10,68 gram/day, 7,34±3,06 gram/day, and 178 mg/dL. Correlation coefficients showed that total cholesterol was negatively associated with soy protein and dietary fiber intake (p = 0,043, r = -0,321; p = 0,010, r = -0,402). In conclusion, there were correlation between soy protein and dietary consumption with cholesterol total level. The higher consumption of soy protein and dietary fiber, the lower serum total cholesterol. Keyword: dietary fiber, soy protein, total cholesterol level

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Pengobatan > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Program Studi: Fakultas Kedokteran > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: 770815 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 06:38
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 06:38
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/21037

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