PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BENZIL KLORIDA DARI TOLUENA DAN KLORIN KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (MD-101))

Reo Aditya Mahesa, 0815041051 (2016) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BENZIL KLORIDA DARI TOLUENA DAN KLORIN KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (MD-101)). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

Pabrik benzil klorida berbahan baku toluena dan klorin akan didirikan di Lebak, Provinsi Banten. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi benzil klorida sebanyak 40.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah toluena sebanyak 4940.654 kg/jam dan hidrogen sebanyak 4940.654 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik furfuril alkohol berupa : pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, dan kebutuhan bahan bakar. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 151 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 330.979.441.592,117 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 58.408.136.751,550 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 389.387.578.343,667 Break Even Point (BEP) = 17,5 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 10 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 0,61 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 0,77 years Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 102 % Interest Rate of Return (IRR) = 20 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik benzil klorida ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Benzyl chloride plant produced by reacting toluene and chlorine is planned to be in industrial factory in the region of Lebak in Banten Province. Plant will be established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Production capacity is planned 40,000 tons/year, with operating time of 24 hours/day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used are much toluene 4940,654 kg/hr and chlorine as 4940,654 kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems, instrument air supply systems, and power generation systems. Labor needed as many as 151 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) which is headed by a Director who is assisted by the Director of Production and Director of Finance with line and staff organizational structure. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 330.979.441.592,117 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 58.408.136.751,550 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 389.387.578.343,667 Break Even Point (BEP) = 17,5 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 10 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 0,61 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 0,77 years Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 102 % Interest Rate of Return (IRR) = 20 % Consider the summary above, it is proper establishment of benzyl chloride plant to studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)

Teknologi > Memproduksi
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 9376955 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2016 05:00
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2016 05:00
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/21414

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