PRARANCANGAN PABRIK PENTAERYTHRITOL DARI FORMLADEHIDA, ASETALDEHIDA, SODIUM HIDROKSIDA DENGAN PROSES UEHAMA KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN

Andi Mulia, 0915041019 (2016) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK PENTAERYTHRITOL DARI FORMLADEHIDA, ASETALDEHIDA, SODIUM HIDROKSIDA DENGAN PROSES UEHAMA KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN. Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK PRARANCANGAN PABRIK PENTAERYTHRITOL DARI FORMALDEHIDA, ASETALDEHIDA DAN SODIUM HIDROKSIDA DENGAN PROSES UEHAMA KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201)) Oleh ANDI MULIA Pabrik pentaerythritol [C(CH2OH)4] ini berbahan baku formaldehida (HCHO), asetaldehida (CH3CHO) dan sodium hidroksida (NaOH), yang rencanaya akan didirikan di Kawasan Industri Cikande, Kabupaten Serang, Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja, perizinan dan kondisi sosial masyarakat sekitar. Pabrik ini direncanakan dapat memproduksi kristal pentaerythritol [C(CH2OH)4] sebanyak 50.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi selama 24 jam/hari serta 330 hari/tahun. Banyaknya bahan baku yang digunakan adalah formaldehida sebanyak 22.513,634 kg/jam, asetaldehida sebanyak 2.227,471 dan sodium hidroksida sebanyak 3.538,543 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik pentaerythritol ini berupa unit penyedia dan pengolahan air, unit penyedia steam dan unit penyedia udara instrumen. Jumlah karyawan sebanyak 171 orang dengan bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) dengan struktur organisasi jenis line dan staff. Dari analisis ekonomi, maka diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 283.274.997.151,- Working Capital Investment (WCI)= Rp. 49.989.705.380,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 333.264.702.531 ,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 52,7% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 26,3% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,59 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 61% Interest Rate Return (IRR) = 15% Berdasarkan beberapa paparan di atas, maka pendirian pabrik potassium karbonat ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. ABSTRACT PRADESIGN OF PENTAERYTHRITOL PLANT FROM FORMALDEHYDE, ACETALDEHYDE AND SODIUM HYDROXIDE WITH UEHAMA PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS/YEAR (Reactor Design (RE-201)) By ANDI MULIA Pentaerythritol [C(CH2OH)4] plant produced by reacting formaldehyde (HCHO), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH), is planned to be located in Cikande Industrial Area, Serang, West Java Province. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. This Plant is planned to production pentaerythritol crystal with production capacity is 50.000 tons/year, with operating time of 24 hours/day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used in this plant are much 22.513,634 kg/hours of Formaldehyde, 2.227,471 kg/hours of Acetaldehyde and Sodium Hyrdoxide as 3.538,543 kg/hours. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems and instrument air supply systems. Labor needed in this plant as many as 171 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) with line and staff organizational structure. From the economic analysis is obtained : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 283.274.997.151,- Working Capital Investment (WCI)= Rp. 49.989.705.380,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 333.264.702.531 ,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 52,7% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 26,3% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,59 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 61% Interest Rate Return (IRR) = 15% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of potassium carbonate plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 6857568 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 06:23
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2016 06:28
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/21675

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