PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BIOPLASTIK DARI PATI SORGUM DAN ASETAT ANHIDRAT KAPASITAS 28.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201))

SITI SUMARTINI , 1115041045 (2016) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BIOPLASTIK DARI PATI SORGUM DAN ASETAT ANHIDRAT KAPASITAS 28.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

[img]
Preview
FIle PDF
ABSTRAK (ABSTRACT).pdf

Download (36Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
FIle PDF
SKRIPSI TANPA BAB PEMBAHASAN.pdf

Download (1511Kb) | Preview
[img] FIle PDF
SKRIPSI FULL.pdf
Restricted to Hanya pengguna terdaftar

Download (4Mb)

Abstrak

Pabrik Bioplastik berbahan baku pati sorgum dan asetat anhidrat, direncanakan didirikan di Pasuruan, Jawa Timur. Pendiriaan pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Bioplastik sebanyak 28.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah pati sorgum sebanyak 83.193,91 kg/jam dan asetat anhidrat sebanyak 283,14 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan udara instrument, pengadaan listrik dan pengolahan limbah. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 186 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 573.672.586.908,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 101.236.338.866,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 674.908.925.774,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 45,329% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,435% Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Return on Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 2,4 tahun 3,83 tahun 26,919% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 21,536% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 19,69% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Bioplastik ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. abstract Bioplastic plant with raw materials, sorghum starch and acetic anhydride is planned to be built in Pasuruan, Jawa Timur. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the raw material resourcess, the transportation, the labors availability and also the environmental condition. This plant is meant to produce 28,000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used consist of 83.193,91 kg/hour of sorghum and 283,14 kg/hour of acetic anhydride. The utility units consist of water supply system, instrument air supply system, power generation system and waste treatment system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 186 labors. From the economic analysis, itis obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 573.672.586.908,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 101.236.338.866,- TotalCapitalInvestment (TCI) = Rp. 674.908.925.774,- BreakEven Point (BEP) = 45,329% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,435% PayOut Timebefore taxes PayOut Timeafter taxes Returnon Investmentbeforetaxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 2,4years 3,83years 26,919% Returnon Investmentafter taxes (ROI)a = 21,536% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 19,69% Considering the summary above, it is proper to study the establishment of Bioplastic plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: > Teknologi (General)
> Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: 7627604 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 07:33
Terakhir diubah: 18 Jul 2016 07:33
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/22996

Actions (login required)

Lihat Karya Akhir Lihat Karya Akhir