PRA RANCANGAN PABRIK BENZIL ALKOHOL DARI BENZIL KLORIDA, NATRIUM KARBONAT DAN AIR KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN (Tugas Khusus Distillation Column 301 (DC-301))

Ika Hermania, 0715041045 (2014) PRA RANCANGAN PABRIK BENZIL ALKOHOL DARI BENZIL KLORIDA, NATRIUM KARBONAT DAN AIR KAPASITAS 50.000 TON/TAHUN (Tugas Khusus Distillation Column 301 (DC-301)). Universitas Lampung, Fakultas Teknik.

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COVER DALAM.pdf

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HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN.pdf

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Abstrak

Pabrik Benzil Alkohol berbahan baku benzil klorida, natrium karbonat, dan air akan didirikan di Surabaya. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan kebutuhan dalam negeri akan benzil alcohol yang terus meningkat, ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi benzil alkohol sebanyak 50.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah benzil klorida sebanyak 7.533,2710 kg/jam, natrium karbonat sebanyak 3.156,2321 kg/jam, dan air sebanyak 6.249,9646 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik benzil alkohol berupa: pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar, dan pengadaan udara kering. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 134 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 377.126.320.790 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 66.551.703.669 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 443.678.024.458 Break Even Point (BEP) = 33,1997 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 24,7329 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,2356 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,4982 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 60,2913 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 48,2330 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,0372 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik benzil alkohol ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Benzyl alcohol plant produced by reacting benzyl chloride, natrium carbonate, and water was plan to be in industrial plant in the region of Surabaya in East Java Province. Plant was established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Plant's production capacity is planned 50,000 tons / year, with operating time of 24 hours/day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used are much benzyl chloride 3.156,2321 kg/hr, natrium carbonate as 3.156,2321kg/hr, and water 6.249,9646 kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems, instrument air supply systems, and power generation systems. Labor needed as many as 134 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) which is headed by a Director who is assisted by the Director of Production and Director of Finance with line and staff organizational structure. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 377.126.320.790 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 66.551.703.669 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 443.678.024.458 Break Even Point (BEP) = 33,1997 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 24,7329 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,2356 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,4982 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 60,2913 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 48,2330 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,0372 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 31,98 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 45,24 % Consider the summary above, it is proper establishment of benzyl alcohol plant to studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
A General Works = Karya Karya Umum > Karya Karya Umum = 000
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 033956 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2014 04:40
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2014 04:40
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2469

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