ANALISIS FINANSIAL DAN KOMPOSISI TANAMAN DALAM RANGKA PERSIAPAN PENGAJUAN IZIN HKm(Studi Kasus Desa Margosari Kecamatan Pagelaran Utara Kabupaten Pringsewu)

Helen Yuseva Ayu, 0914081006 (2014) ANALISIS FINANSIAL DAN KOMPOSISI TANAMAN DALAM RANGKA PERSIAPAN PENGAJUAN IZIN HKm(Studi Kasus Desa Margosari Kecamatan Pagelaran Utara Kabupaten Pringsewu). Universitas Lampung, Fakultas Pertanian.

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Abstrak

Hutan kemasyarakatan (HKm) adalah hutan negara yang pemanfaatan utamanya ditujukan untuk memberdayakan masyarakat setempat dengan tujuan agar hutan lestari, masyarakat sejahtera. Desa Margosari saat ini dalam tahap penyusunan proposal izin penetapan areal kerja HKm ke Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia. Salah satu syarat pengajuan izin HKm adalah komposisi tanaman terdiri atas jenis tanaman kehutanan, pertanian, dan perkebunan. Untuk mendukung program HKm perlu dikaji komposisi tanaman di lahan calon HKm Desa Margosari dan apakah hasil tanaman berdasarkan komposisi tersebut layak secara finansial dan mampu mensejahterakan petani Desa Margosari. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Margosari Kecamatan Pagelaran Utara Kabupaten Pringsewu pada bulan Agustus 2013. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan menggunakan simple random sampling. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi tanaman telah memenuhi kriteria HKm yaitu jumlah tanaman kayu lebih dari 200 batang/ha (400 batang/ha) dengan jenis tanaman kehutanan sebesar 28,88%, tanaman pertanian sebesar 14,63%, dan tanaman perkebunan sebesar 56,49%. Hasil agroforestri HKm berdasarkan analisis layak secara finansial dengan Net Present Value (NPV) sebesar Rp 69.088.522,37/Ha, Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) sebesar 1,96 dan Internal Rate of Return (IRR) sebesar 29%. Namun, berdasarkan tingkat kesejahteraan dengan kriteria Sajogyo (1997) pendapatan dari agroforestri HKm belum dapat mensejahterakan petani, karena masih terdapat penduduk dengan kategori nyaris miskin sebesar 51,52%. Kata kunci : Hutan kemasyarakatan, komposisi tanaman, analisis finansial, kesejahteraan. Social forestry (HKm) is a state forest utilization primarily intended to empower local communities with a purpose sustainable forest and prosperous society. Margosari village currently proposing for HKm the work area permits the Minister of Forestry Republic of Indonesia. One of the requirements to HKm is composition of plants consists of the kind of forest plant, agricultural crops, and crops plantation. To supporting the HKm programs, it is necessary to assess the composition of the plants with in the candidate HKm area of Margosari Village and whether the results from the plant composition is financially suitable and capable of providing prosperity to the farmers of Margosari village. The research was conducted in the Margosari Village of Pagelaran Utara District, Pringsewu Regency in August 2013. Sampling was done using simple random sampling method. Data analysis was conducted using quantitative descriptive analysis method. The results of the showed that the plant composition already fill the HKm criteria is wooden plant more than 200/ha (400/ha) with forest plant species of 28.88%, agricultural crops of 14.63% of agricultural crops and crops plantation of 56.49%. The result from agroforestry HKm based on analysis in a financially Net Present Value (NPV) of Rp 69.088.522,37/ha, Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) of 1.96 and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 29%. However the level of Sajogyo (1997), income from agroforestry HKm don’t providing prosperity to the farmers, because can still population with a category near poor of 51,52%. Keywords: social forest, composition of plants, financial analysis, welfare.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Program Studi: Fakultas Pertanian > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: 794034 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2014 05:57
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2014 05:57
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2542

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