PRARANCANGAN PABRIK SELULOSA DIASETAT DARI SELULOSA DAN ASETAT ANHIDRAT KAPASITAS 24.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Hydrolysis Reactor (RE-202))

RINA SEPTIANA , 1115041042 (2017) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK SELULOSA DIASETAT DARI SELULOSA DAN ASETAT ANHIDRAT KAPASITAS 24.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Hydrolysis Reactor (RE-202)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Selulosa diasetat berbahan baku selulosa dan asetat anhidrat, direncanakan didirikan di Kawasan Industri Jabung Timur, Jambi. Pendirian pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Selulosa Diasetat sebanyak 24.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah selulosa sebanyak 2.180,23 kg/jam dan Asetat Anhidrat sebanyak 3.512,11 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengolahan air (Filtered Water), air demin (demineralized water), steam, udara instrument, dan pengolahan limbah. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 160 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 286.874.664.429,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 50.624.940.782,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 337.499.605.211,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 39,7% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 27,4% Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Return on Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 3,17 tahun 2,89 tahun 43,62% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 34,89% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 42,49% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Selulosa diasetat ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Kata Kunci : Asetat Anhidrat, Asetilasi, Hidrolisis, Selulosa, Selulosa Diasetat abstract Cellulose diacetate manufacturer made from cellulose and acetic anhydride, planned to set up in the Industrial Area East Jabung, Jambi. Establishment of the plant based on consideration of the availability of raw materials, adequate transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. The factory is planned to produce cellulose diacetate 24,000 tons / year, with operating time 24 hours / day, 330 days / year. The raw material used is cellulose 2180.23 kg / hr and Acetate Anhydride 3512.11 kg / hour. Plant utility requirements consist of water treatment units (Filtered Water), water demin (demineralized water), steam, instrument air, and waste treatment. The shape of the company is a Limited Liability Company (PT) using line and staff organizational structure with the number of employees is160 people. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 286.874.664.429,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 50.624.940.782,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 337.499.605.211,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 39,7% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 27,4% Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Return on Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 3,17 tahun 2,89 tahun 43,62% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 34,89% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 42,49% Taking into consideration the above explanation, it is proper establishment of the plant's cellulose diacetate further investigation, because it is a plant that is profitable and have a good future. Keyword : Acetate Anhydride, Acetylation, Cellulose, Cellulose Diacetate,, Hydrolysis.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 6989054 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2017 08:01
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2017 09:22
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/25753

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