PRARANCANGAN PABRIK DIAMONIUM POSFAT (DAP) DARI AMONIA DAN ASAM POSFAT KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor 201(RE-201))

ARCHEALIN ANGGRAENI, 1115041004 (2017) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK DIAMONIUM POSFAT (DAP) DARI AMONIA DAN ASAM POSFAT KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor 201(RE-201)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Perkembangan industri pupuk saat ini sangatlah berkembang, dikarenakan kebuthan pupuk yang semakin meningkat. Salah satu jenus pupuk adalah diamonium posfat. Pembuatan DAP dilakukan dengan mereaksikan amonia dengan asam posfat pada suhu 185oC dan tekanan 3 atm pada reaktor pipa. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik berupa sistem pengolahan dan penyediaan air, sistem penyediaan steam, cooling water, dan sistem pembangkit tenaga listrik serta sistem pengelolaan limbah. Kapasitas produksi pabrik DAP direncanakan 40.000 ton/tahun dengan 330 hari kerja dalam 1 tahun. Lokasi pabrik direncanakan didirikan di daerah Gresik, Jawa Timur. Tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 172 orang dengan bentuk badan usaha Perseroan Terbatas (PT) dengan struktur organisasi line and staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 145.580.845.238 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 25.690.737.395 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 171.271.582.633 Break Even Point (BEP) = 52,897% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29,785% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,88 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,38 tahun Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI)b = 42,436 % Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI)a = 33,948% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,790% Berdasarkan beberapa paparan di atas, maka pendirian pabrik DAP ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. ABSTRACT The development of the fertilizer industry today is growing due to increasing fertilizers demand. One of which types of fertilizer is diammonium phosphate. Making DAP conducted by reacting ammonia with phosphoric acid at a temperature of 185oC and a pressure of 3 atm at the reactor pipe. Provision of utility requirements in the form of plant treatment systems and water supply, steam supply systems, cooling water and power systems as well as waste management system Capaity of the plant is 40.000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The location of plant is planned in Gresik, East Java. Labor needed in this plant is 172 people with a business entity form Limited and Liability Company (PT) with line and staff organization structure. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 145.580.845.238 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 25.690.737.395 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 171.271.582.633 Break Even Point (BEP) = 52,897% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29,785% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,88 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,38 years Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI)b = 42,436 % Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI)a = 33,948% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,790% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of diammonium phosphate plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 7838265 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 07:12
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2017 07:12
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/25920

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