PRARANCANGAN PABRIK POTASSIUM NITRATE DARI POTASSIUM CHLORIDE DAN ASAM NITRAT KAPASITAS 100.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor -301(RE-301))

LIDIA MAGDALENA NAPITUPULU, 0915041031 (2016) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK POTASSIUM NITRATE DARI POTASSIUM CHLORIDE DAN ASAM NITRAT KAPASITAS 100.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor -301(RE-301)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Potassium Nitrate berbahan baku Potassium Chloride dan Asam nitrat, direncanakan didirikan di Teluk Jambe Timur, Karawang. Pendiriaan pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan akan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenagakerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Potassium Nitrate sebanyak 100.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Potassium Chloride sebanyak 8.593,588 kg/jam dan Asam Nitrat sebanyak 16.612,845 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan listrik, udara instrument, pengadaan steam. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 189 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp1.308.491.836.029 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp230.910.324.005 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp1.539.402.160.034 Break Even Point (BEP) = 49,75 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,13 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 3,09 Tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 3,83Tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 26,62 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 21,30 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 23,35% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Potassium Nitrate dan dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. abstract Potassium Nitrate plant with raw materials, Potassium Chloride and Nitric Acid. planned to be built in Teluk Jambe Timur, Karawang. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due tothe raw material resourcess, the transportation, the labors availability and also the environmental condition. This plant is meant to produce 100,000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The raw materials usedconsist of 8.593,588 kg/hourof Potassium Nitrate and 16.612,845 kg/hour of Nitric Acid. The utility units consist of water supply system, power generation system, instrumentation & control system and steam supply system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 189 labors. From the economic analysis, it is obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp1.308.491.836.029 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp230.910.324.005 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp1.539.402.160.034 Break Even Point (BEP) = 49,75 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,13 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 3,09 Tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 3,83Tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 26,62 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 21,30 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 23,35% Considering the summary above, it is proper to study the establishment of Potassium Nitrate plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 54678447 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2017 07:41
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 07:41
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/29004

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