PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BIOKEROSENE AVIATION DARI RBD PALM OLEIN KAPASITAS 35.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (DC-301))

AZELIA WULAN CINDRADEWI, 1215041007 (2017) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK BIOKEROSENE AVIATION DARI RBD PALM OLEIN KAPASITAS 35.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (DC-301)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK , UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Biokerosene Aviation direncanakan didirikan di Kota Dumai, Provinsi Riau. Pendiriaan pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan,dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Biokerosene Aviation sebanyak 35.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah RBD Palm Olein sebanyak 7.113,9599 Kg/jam dan menggunakan katalis HZSM-5. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan heating oil, pengadaan udara instrument, pengadaan air pendingin, dan pengolahan limbah. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 158 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 242.363.404.113,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 45.800.386.512,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 285.133.416.604,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 41,79 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 222,84 % PayOut Timebefore taxes PayOut Timeafter taxes Returnon Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 0,89 year 1,64 year 94,34 % Returnon Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 75,47 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 17,87 % Mempertimbangkan paparan diatas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Biokerosene Aviation ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT Biokerosene Aviation plant is planned to be built in Dumai,Riau.Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the raw material resourcess,the transportation,the labors availability and also the environmental condition. This plant is meant to produce 35.000 tons/year Biokerosene Aviation with operation time 24 hour/day, 330 hour/year. Raw materials used consist of RBD Palm Olein 7.113,9599 Kg/hour and HZSM-5 used as catalyst. The utility units consist of water supply system, heating oil supply system, instrument air supply system,cooling water supply system and waste treatment system. The bussinesentity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 158 labors. From the economic analysis, itis obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 242.363.404.113,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 45.800.386.512,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 285.133.416.604,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 41,79 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 222,84 % Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Returnon Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 0,89 year 1,64 year 94,34 % Returnon Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 75,47 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 17,87 % Considering the summary above,it is proper to study the establishment of Biokerosene Aviation plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 70427665 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 06:54
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 06:54
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/29124

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