Manfaat Sertifikasi Rainforest Alliance (Ra) dalam Mengembangkan Usahatani Kopi yang Berkelanjutan di Kecamatan Pulau Panggung Kabupaten Tanggamus

Nita Oktami, 1014023084 (2014) Manfaat Sertifikasi Rainforest Alliance (Ra) dalam Mengembangkan Usahatani Kopi yang Berkelanjutan di Kecamatan Pulau Panggung Kabupaten Tanggamus. FAKULTAS PERTANIA, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji manfaat sertifikasi Rainforest Alliance (RA) dalam mengembangkan usahatani kopi yang berkelanjutan ditinjau dari aspek ekonomi, aspek lingkungan dan aspek sosial, serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi petani dalam melaksanakan praktik usahatani kopi yang berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini membandingkan pengelolaan usahatani kopi petani sertifikasi dan non sertifikasi di Kecamatan Pulau Panggung Kabupaten Tanggamus. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah masing-masing 39 petani dari petani sertifikasi dan non sertifikasi. Manfaat sertifikasi RA terhadap keberlanjutan usahatani kopi dilihat dari produktivitas, efisiensi biaya dan pendapatan dianalisis menggunakan uji t. Adapun uji beda The Mann-Whitney U Test digunakan untuk menganalisis penilaian pengelolaan usahatani kopi. Untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan petani digunakan metode analisis logit. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sertifikasi RA bermanfaat dari segi ekonomi yang ditinjau dari praktik pengelolaan petani terhadap peningkatan kualitas dan pengontrolan biaya usahatani kopi, namun sertifikasi RA belum dapat meningkatan produktivitas kopi, efisiensi biaya kopi, dan pendapatan kopi. Demikian pula sertifikasi RA bermanfaat dari segi lingkungan dan sosial, dimana dari hasil penilaian pengelolaan usahatani kopi yang berkelanjutan oleh petani sertifikasi, secara signifikan lebih tinggi. Pendapatan dan keikutsertaan petani dalam program sertifikasi RA berpengaruh positif terhadap petani untuk melaksanakan usahatani kopi yang berkelanjutan. This research purposes to study the benefits of Rainforest Alliance (RA) certificate in developing the sustainability of coffee farming from the aspects of economy, environmental, social and to analyze the factors that effect farmers to adopt sustainable coffee farming. The study was conducted in Pulau Panggung Sub Districts of Tanggamus Regency. This study compares the coffee farm management of certified farmers and noncertified farmers. There are 39 farmers chosen from each of coffee farming types. The benefits of RA certified for sustainability of coffee farming based on the increasing productivity, cost efficiency, and income of farmers were analyzed by t-test. The different test of Mann-Whitney U test is used to analyze the assessment of coffee farming management. The Logit analysis method is used to analyze the factors that influence the farmers’ decisions. The research results showed that from the economy aspect, RA certification had benefits in terms of farmers management practices to increase the quality and cost control of coffee, but it had not yet benefit to increase the income, productivity and cost efficiency of coffee farming. Similarly, RA certification had benefits in terms of environmental and social, in which the results of the assessment of sustainable coffee farm management by certified farmers were significantly higher. Farmers' income and participation in RA certification program had positive effect on farmers to implement sustainable coffee farming.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Program Studi: Fakultas Pertanian > Prodi Agribisnis
Depositing User: 137867 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2014 03:19
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2014 03:19
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/2942

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