PRARANCANGAN PABRIK SODIUM LAKTAT DARI MOLASSES DAN NATRIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Fermentor (BIO-201))

YUDI ARMANSYAH, 1015041072 (2017) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK SODIUM LAKTAT DARI MOLASSES DAN NATRIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Fermentor (BIO-201)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Sodium Laktat berbahan baku molasses dan natriu hidroksida, akan didirikan di Gunung Batin, Lampung Tengah. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Sodium laktat sebanyak 30.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah molasses sebanyak 95.896,8 kg/batch dan Natrium Hidroksida sebanyak 1.294,8 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik sodium laktat berupa pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan air pendingin,pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 179 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 661.162.998.877,77 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 116.675.823.331,37 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 777.838.822.209,14 Break Even Point (BEP) = 37 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,93 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,31 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 35,43 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 28,43 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 31,96 % ABSTRACT Factory raw material molasses sodium lactate and natrium hidroksida, will be erected on Mount Batin, Central Lampung. The factory was established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. The factory is planned to produce sodium lactate of 30,000 tons / year, with operating time of 24 hours / day, 330 days / year. The raw materials used are much molasses 95.896,8 kg / batch and natrium hidroksida as much as 1.294,8 kg / hr. Provision of utility plant needs sodium lactate the provision of water, provision of steam, electricity supply, fuel requirements. The form is a Limited Liability company (PT) using a line and staff organizational structure and employs as many as 179 people. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 661,162,998,877.77 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 116,675,823,331.37 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 777,838,822,209.14 Break Even Point (BEP) = 37% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 1.93 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 2.31 years Before taxes Return on Investment (ROI) b = 35.43% After taxes Return on Investment (ROI) a = 28.43% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 31.96% Considering the above explanation, it is proper plant establishment sodium lactate was studied further, because it is a profitable factory and have a good future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 56518059 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 02:18
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 02:18
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/29656

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