PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ANILIN DARI HIDROGENASI NITROBENZEN FASE UAP KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi-306 (MD-306))

Wildan Arief Rohdina, 1015041054 (2018) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ANILIN DARI HIDROGENASI NITROBENZEN FASE UAP KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi-306 (MD-306)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ANILIN DARI HIDROGENASI NITROBENZEN FASE UAP KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi-306 (MD-306)) Oleh Wildan Arief Rohdina Anilin merupakan salah satu produk industri kimia yang digunakan sebagai bahan baku pembuatan Isocynates, Prekursor, Bahan Pembuatan Pestisida, Hidroquinon, pembuatan Metilen Dianilin. Anilin dapat diproduksi dengan beberapa proses yaitu 1) Proses Hidrogenasi Nitrobenzen Fase Uap, 2) Proses Aminasi Phenol dan 3) Proses Aminasi Chlorobenzene. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik berupa sistem pengolahan dan penyediaan air, sistem penyediaan steam, cooling water, dan sistem pembangkit tenaga listrik. Kapasitas produksi pabrik Aniline direncanakan 30.000 ton/tahun dengan 330 hari kerja dalam 1 tahun. Lokasi pabrik direncanakan didirikan di daerah Cilegon, Banten. Tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 135 orang dengan bentuk badan usaha Perseroan Terbatas (PT) dengan struktur organisasi line and staff. Dari analisisekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 325.814.580.114 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 57.496.690.608 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 383.311.270.723 Break Even Point (BEP) = 35,98% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,1% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 3,38 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 4,06 years Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI) b = 46,12% Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI) a = 36,9% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 20,94% Berdasarkan beberapa paparan di atas, maka pendirian pabrik aniline ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. ABSTRACT PREDESIGN OF ANILIN FROM VAPOUR PHASE NITROBENZEN HIDROGENATION CAPACITY 30.000 TONS/YEARS (Design Distillation Column-306 (MD-306)) By Wildan Arief Rohdina Aniline is one of the product industry chemicals are used as the raw materials for Isocynates, Precursor, pesticide, Hidroquinon, Metilen Dianilin. Aniline can be produced by some of the process is : 1) Process of Vapour phase nitrobenzen hidrogenation, 2) Procces from Phenol Amination and 3) Procces from Chlorobenzene Amination. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, cooling water, ,dan Generator electrical power system. Capacity of the plant is planned to production aniline is 30.000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The location of plant is planned in Cilegon, Banten. Labor needed in this plant as many as 135 people with a business entityform Limited Liability Company (PT) with line and staff organizational structure. From teh economic analysis is obtained : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 325.814.580.114 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 57.496.690.608 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 383.311.270.723 Break Even Point (BEP) = 35,98% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,1% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 3,38 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 4,06 years Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI) b = 46,12% Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI) a = 36,9% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 20,94% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of aniline plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General)
Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 34319087 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 08:06
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 08:06
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/30235

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