Prarancangan Pabrik Potassium Chlorate Dengan Elektrolisis Potassium Chloride Kapasitas 30.000 Ton/Tahun (Tugas Khusus Crystallizer I (CR-302))

Alfaiz Radea Arbianda, 1015041020 (2018) Prarancangan Pabrik Potassium Chlorate Dengan Elektrolisis Potassium Chloride Kapasitas 30.000 Ton/Tahun (Tugas Khusus Crystallizer I (CR-302)). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK Pabrik potasium klorat berbahan baku potasium klorida ini akan didirikan di jalan Raya Bunga Dukuh, Bungah, Gresik, Jawa Timur. Pendirian pabrik di lokasi tersebut berdasarkan beberapa pertimbangan, yaitu pasar produk, sarana transportasi yang memadai untuk pemasaran produk, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan serta lokasi yang memang berada di kawasan/lingkungan industri. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi potasium klorat sebanyak 30.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari dan 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah potasium klorida sebanyak 1083,4943 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan listrik, udara instrumen dan pengadaan steam. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT), menggunakan struktur organisasi line and staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 193 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 316.179.409.798,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 35.131.045.533,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 351.310.455.331,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 46,21 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,90 % Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 3,09 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = Rp. 88.378.901.455,- Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = Rp. 70.703.121.164,- Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 14,36 % Mempertibangkan paparan diatas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik potassium klorat ini dikaji lebih lanjut karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT Potassium Chlorate plant with raw materials potassium chloride planned to be built in Jalan Raya Bungah Dukuh, Bungah, Gresik, East-Java. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the raw product market, the transportation, the labors availability and also the environmental condition. This plant is meant to produce 30,000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used consist of 1083,4943 kg/hour of potassium chloride. The utility units consist of water supply system, power generation system, air instrument supply system, and steam supply system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 193 labors. From the economic analysis, it is obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 316.179.409.798,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 35.131.045.533,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 351.310.455.331,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 46,21 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,90 % Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 3,09 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = Rp. 88.378.901.455,- Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = Rp. 70.703.121.164,- Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 14,36 % Considering the summary above, it is proper to study the establishment of this potassium chlorate plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects in the future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 41646054 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2018 06:44
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 06:44
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/30671

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