PRARANCANGAN PABRIK GLYCERIL TRINITRATE DARI GLISEROL DAN ASAM NITRAT KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor Nitrasi (RE-201))

KONI PRASETYO, 1115041024 (2018) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK GLYCERIL TRINITRATE DARI GLISEROL DAN ASAM NITRAT KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor Nitrasi (RE-201)). UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG, FAKULTAS TEKNIK.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Glyceril Trinitrate (Nitrogliserin) berbahan baku gliserol dan asam nitrat, akan didirikan di Subang, Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Glyceril Trinitrate sebanyak 20.000 (50% kemurnian) ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah ubi kayu sebanyak 1262,62 kg/jam. Jumlah karyawan sebanyak 100 orang dengan bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 207,228,686,284,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 36,569,768,168,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 243,798,454,452,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,18% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29,74% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 1,27 years Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 58,51% Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 32,7% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, pendirian pabrik Glyceril Trinitrate ini layak dikaji lebih lanjut, karena pabrik menghasilkan keuntungan yang besar dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT A plant to produce Glyceril trinitrate (Nitrogliserin) from Glycerol and Nitric Acid is planned to be located at Subang, West Java. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Capacity of the plant is 20.000 (50% purity) tons/year operating 24 hour/day and 330 working days/ year. The plant required 1262,62 kg/hr Glyceril Trinitrate (Nitrogliserin). Quantity of labor is around 100 people. The plant is managed as a Limited Liability Company (PT), which is headed by a Director who is assisted by a Director of Production and Director of Finance. The company is organized in the form of line and staff structure. From analysis of the plant economy is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 207,228,686,284,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 36,569,768,168,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 243,798,454,452,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,18% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 29,74% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 1,27 years Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 58,51% Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 32,7% By considering above the summary, it is suitable study further the Glyceril Trinitrate plant since plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)

Teknologi > Memproduksi
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 201838730 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2018 07:07
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2018 07:07
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/31265

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