PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ACETALDOL DARI ACETALDEHYDE DENGAN KATALIS NaOH 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor 201(RE-201))

DAI BACTHIAR PURBA, 1115041009 (2018) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ACETALDOL DARI ACETALDEHYDE DENGAN KATALIS NaOH 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor 201(RE-201)). JURUSAN TEKNIK KIMIA FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Acetaldol merupakan salah satu produk industri kimia yang digunakan sebagai bahan baku pembuatan crotonaldehyde; 1,3-butanediol; butanol; dan hypnotic/sedative. Acetaldol dapat diproduksi dengan beberapa proses yaitu 1) proses Alheritiere-Gobron, 2) Proses Marion-Kyoung. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik berupa sistem pengolahan dan penyediaan air, sistem penyediaan steam, chilling water, dan sistem pembangkit tenaga listrik. Kapasitas produksi pabrik acetaldol direncanakan 30.000 ton/tahun dengan 330 hari kerja dalam 1 tahun. Lokasi pabrik direncanakan didirikan di daerah Cilegon, Banten. Tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 154 orang dengan bentuk badan usaha perseroan terbatas (PT) dengan struktur organisasi line and staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 262.364.174.532 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 46.299.560.212 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 308.663.734.744 Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,60% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,12% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 0,97 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,21 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 86,89% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 69,89% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 36,37% Berdasarkan beberapa paparan di atas, maka pendirian pabrik acetaldol ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. abstract Acetaldol is one of the product industry chemicals are used as the raw materials for crotonaldehyde; 1,3-butanediol; butanol; and hypnotic/sedative. Acetaldol can be produced by some of the process is : 1) Process of Alheritiere-Gobron, 2) Process of Marion-Kyoung. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, chiling water, and Generator electrical power system. Capacity of the plant is planned to production acetaldol is 30.000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The location of plant is planned in Cilegon, Banten. Labor needed in this plant as many as 154 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) with line and staff organizational structure. From teh economic analysis is obtained : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 262.364.174.532 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 46.299.560.212 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 308.663.734.744 Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,60% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,12% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 0,97 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,21 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 86,89% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 69,89% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 36,37% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of acetaldol plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: > Teknologi (General)
> Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: 201845440 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2018 07:00
Terakhir diubah: 07 Aug 2018 07:00
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/32680

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