MANUFACTURE OF METHYL SALICYLATE FROM SALICYLATE ACID AND METHANOL CAPACITY OF 12,000 TONS / YEAR PRARANCANGAN PABRIK METIL SALISILAT DARI ASAM SALISILAT DAN METANOL KAPASITAS 12000 TON/TAHUN

NANDA ROSELINA, 0715041058 (2014) MANUFACTURE OF METHYL SALICYLATE FROM SALICYLATE ACID AND METHANOL CAPACITY OF 12,000 TONS / YEAR PRARANCANGAN PABRIK METIL SALISILAT DARI ASAM SALISILAT DAN METANOL KAPASITAS 12000 TON/TAHUN. Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

Factory which is made by raw material salicylic acid and methanol, will be erected on Bontang, East Kalimantan. The factory was established by considering the availability of raw materials, marketing area, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. The factory is planned to produce methyl salicylate of 12,000 tons / year, with operating time of 24 hours / day, 330 days / year. The raw materials used are much salicylic acid 1539.278 kg/hr and methanol as much as 2849.761 kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs methyl salicylate the provision of water, provision of steam, electricity supply, fuel requirements, and procurement of air cooling water. The form is a Limited Liability company (PT) using a line and staff organizational structure and employs as many as 125 people. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 387,595,173,056 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 91,198,864,248 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 455,994,321,242 Break Even Point (BEP) = 55.27 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2.11 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2.51 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 31.72 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 25.37 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 29.96 % Considering the above explanation, it is proper plant establishment methyl salicylate was studied further, because it is a profitable factory and have a good future. Pabrik metil salisilat berbahan baku asam salisilat dan metanol, akan didirikan di Bontang, Kalimantan Timur. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, daerah pemasaran, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi metil salisilat sebanyak 12000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah asam salisilat sebanyak 1539,278 kg/jam dan metanol sebanyak 2849,761 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik metil salisilat berupa pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar, dan pengadaan air pendingin. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 125 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 387.595.173.056 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 91.198.864.248 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 455.994.321.242 Break Even Point (BEP) = 55,27 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2,11 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,51 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 31,72 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 25,37 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 29,96 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik metil salisilat ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: Farid Hambali Prihantoro, A.Md.
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2014 07:45
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 07:45
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/4266

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