PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ASETAT ANHIDRID DARI METIL ASETAT DAN KARBON MONOKSIDA KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Heater (HE-101))

MUHAMAD FATH WARGANEGARA, 0715041055 (2014) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ASETAT ANHIDRID DARI METIL ASETAT DAN KARBON MONOKSIDA KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Heater (HE-101)). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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3. HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN.pdf

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4. HALAMAN PENGESAHAN.pdf

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9. SAN WACANA.pdf

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11. DAFTAR TABEL.pdf

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Abstrak

Pabrik Asetat Anhidrid berbahan baku metil asetat dan karbon monoksida, akan didirikan di Bontang, Kalimantan Timur. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan, dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi asetat anhidrid sebanyak 20.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah metil asetat sebanyak 2.261,7838 kg/jam dan karbon monoksida sebanyak 770,224 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik asetat anhidirid berupa : pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, dan kebutuhan bahan bakar. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 129 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 205.761.232.753 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 36.310.805.780 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 242.072.038.533 Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,78 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,01 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 1,79 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 2,15 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI) b = 38,90 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI) a = 31,12 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 56,36 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik asetat anhidirid ini dikaji lebih lanjut karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Acetic Anhydride plant produced by reacting methyl acetic and carbon monoxide was plan to be in industrial plant in the region of Bontang in East Kalimantan Province. Plant was established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor, and environmental conditions. Plant's production capacity is planned 20,000 tons/year, with operating time of 24 hours/day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used are much methyl acetic 2.261,7838 kg/hr and carbon monoxide as 770,224 kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems, and power generation systems. Labor needed as many as 129 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) which is headed by a Director who is assisted by the Director of Production and Director of Finance with line and staff organizational structure. From the economic analysis is obtained : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 205.761.232.753 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 36.310.805.780 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 242.072.038.533 Break Even Point (BEP) = 38,78 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,01 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 1,79 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 2,15 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI) b = 38,90 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI) a = 31,12 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 56,36 % Consider the summary above, it is proper establishment of acetic anhydride plant to studied further because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
A General Works = Karya Karya Umum > Karya Karya Umum = 000
A General Works = Karya Karya Umum > Karya Karya Umum = 000 > Knowledge/Ilmu Pengetahuan
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 021716 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2014 07:23
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2014 07:23
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/4310

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