EKSPLOITASI ANAK PADA KELUARGA MISKIN (Studi Pekerja Anak Jalanan di Kecamatan Tanjung Karang Pusat Bandar Lampung)

Revi Apriany, Jessy Roby Pranata (2013) EKSPLOITASI ANAK PADA KELUARGA MISKIN (Studi Pekerja Anak Jalanan di Kecamatan Tanjung Karang Pusat Bandar Lampung). FISIP, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

The exploitation of children, is action that places let, do, sent do, or participate in conducting economic exploitation or sexual against children. This research aimed at described the background the occurrence of child exploitation by poor families especially workers a street kid in Tanjung Karang Central and form and the impact of the exploitation of experienced by children workers. Type this research is descriptive with a qualitative approach. A method of collecting data done by means of an interview, deep and observation while engineering analysis of data done by means of the reduction of data, presentation of data, and the withdrawal of the conclusion. In this research informant who is interviewed is 4 children workers on the street, parents child labor, 3 and two members of the society that has enough informansi required in research. The results show that the child labor in tanjung karang central work an average of 6 to 8 hours a day. They work, because the impulse economy of a family as well as a social environment that supports children to work. In one day they are able to raise money as much as Rp. 30,000 to Rp. 50.000. Child labor that was originally only help the family now in fact become the backbone of the family in meet the needs of the economy. In addition to the background on a like by economy of a family which is under the poverty line, the exploitation of children also in the background on a like by low-self motivation for the future of children, families and the influence of a social environment that supports children under age to work on the street.... Keywords: child labor, the exploitation of children, the poverty Eksploitasi anak merupakan tindakan yang menempatkan, membiarkan, melakukan, menyuruh melakukan, atau turut serta melakukan eksploitasi ekonomi atau seksual terhadap anak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan latar belakang terjadinya eksploitasi anak oleh keluarga miskin khususnya pekerja anak jalanan di Tanjung Karang Pusat serta bentuk dan dampak eksploitasi yang dialami pekerja anak. Tipe penelitian ini adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara mendalam dan observasi, sedangkan teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan cara reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Dalam penelitian ini informan yang diwawancarai adalah 4 pekerja anak di jalanan, 3 orangtua pekerja anak, dan 2 anggota masyarakat sekitar yang memiliki cukup informansi yang dibutuhkan dalam penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pekerja anak di Tanjung Karang Pusat bekerja rata-rata 6-8 jam per hari. Mereka bekerja karena dorongan ekonomi keluarga, serta lingkungan sosial yang mendukung anak-anak untuk bekerja. Dalam sehari mereka mampu mengumpulkan uang sebanyak Rp. 30.000 sampai Rp. 50.000. pekerja anak yang awalnya hanya membantu perekonomian keluarga kini justru menjadi tulang punggung keluarga dalam memenuhi kebutuhan ekonomi. Selain dilatarbelakangi oleh ekonomi keluarga yang berada di bawah garis kemiskinan, eksploitasi anak juga dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya motivasi keluarga terhadap masa depan anak, dan pengaruh lingkungan sosial yang mendukung anak-anak di bawah umur untuk bekerja di jalanan. Kata kunci: pekerja anak, eksploitasi anak, garis kemiskinan.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: H Ilmu Sosial = Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Ilmu Sosial = Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Program Studi: Fakultas ISIP > Prodi Sosiologi
Depositing User: Robidin
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2014 08:05
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2015 06:47
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/459

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