PRARANCANGAN PABRIK MONOBASIC POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE DARI ASAM FOSFAT DAN POTASSIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Tugas Khusus Spray Dryer 301 (SD-301))

Andika Wahyu Purnama, 0715041021 (2014) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK MONOBASIC POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE DARI ASAM FOSFAT DAN POTASSIUM HIDROKSIDA KAPASITAS 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Tugas Khusus Spray Dryer 301 (SD-301)). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

PabrikMonobasic Potassium Phosphate berbahan baku Asam Fosfat dan Potassium Hidroksida, akan didirikan di Gresik, Jawa Timur. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, daerah pemasaran, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Monobasic Potassium Phosphate sebanyak 20.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Asam Fosfat sebanyak 2.160,727 kg/jam dan Potassium Hidroksida sebanyak 2.627,519 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik Monobasic Potassium Phosphate berupa pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahanbakar, pengadaan udara kering dan pengadaan udara instrumentasi. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 168 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp193.016.806.885,405 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp34.061.789.450,366 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp227.078.596.335,770 Break Even Point (BEP) = 45,838 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 30,011 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,835 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,193tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 37,815% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 30,252 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 33,779 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Monobasic Potassium Phosphate ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Factory which is made by raw material Phosporic Acid and Potassium Hydroxide, will be planted on Gresik, East Java. The factory was established by considering the availability of raw materials, marketing area, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. The factory is planned to produce Monobasic Potassium Phosphate of 20,000 tons / year, with operating time of 24 hours / day, 330 days / year. The raw materials used are much Phosporic Acid2,160.727kg/jam andPotassium Hydroxide as much as 2,627.519kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs Monobasic Potassium Phosphate the provision of water, provision of steam, electricity supply, fuel requirements, and procurement of air instrumentation. The form is a Limited Liability company (PT) using a line and staff organizational structure and employs as many as 167 people. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp193,016,806,885.405 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp34,061,789,450.366 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp227,078,596,335.770 Break Even Point (BEP) = 45.838% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 30.011% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1.835tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2.193tahun Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI)b = 37.815% Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI)a = 30.252% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 33.779% Considering the above explanation, it is proper plant establishment Monobasic Potassium Phosphate was studied further, because it is a profitable factory and have a good future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum > Karya Karya Umum = 000
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 233891 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2014 03:53
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2014 03:53
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/4672

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