PRARANCANGAN PABRIK CARBON BLACK DENGAN MINYAK RESIDU DENGAN KAPASITAS 55.000 TON/HARI

Monika Rista, 0815041046 (2014) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK CARBON BLACK DENGAN MINYAK RESIDU DENGAN KAPASITAS 55.000 TON/HARI. Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK PRARANCANGAN PABRIK CARBON BLACK DARI MINYAK RESIDU KAPASITAS 55.000 TON/TAHUN Oleh MONIKA RISTA Pabrik carbon black berbahan minyak residu, akan didirikan di Karawang Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi carbon black sebanyak 55.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah minyak residu sebanyak 8488,32 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik carbon black berupa: pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar, dan pengadaan udara kering. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 153 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 469.843.877.198,16 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 82.913.625.387,91 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 552.757.502.586,07 Break Even Point (BEP) = 31 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 16,75 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,93 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,31 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 53,53 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 42,82 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,59 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik carbon black ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT MANUFACTURE OF CARBON BLACK FROM RESIDU OIL CAPACITY 55.000 TONS/YEAR (Design Reactor -201 (RE-201)) By MONIKA RISTA A plant producing Carbon Black by thermal cracking residu oil is planned to be in industrial plant in the region of Karawang in West Java Province. The plant would be established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Plant production capacity is planned for 55,000 tons / year, with operating time of 24 hours / day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used are residu oil as much as 8488,32 kg / hr. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems, instrument air supply systems, and power generation systems. The total amount of labor needed is as much as 153 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) which is headed by a Director who is assisted by the Director of Production and Director of Finance with line and staff organizational structure. Following below are the result of economic analysis: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 469.843.877.198,16 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 82.913.625.387,91 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 552.757.502.586,07 Break Even Point (BEP) = 31 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 16,75 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,93 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,31 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 53,53 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 42,82 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 50,59 % By Considering all the summaries above, it is proper to do a further study about the establishment of this carbon black plant, because the plant could be profitable with good prospect.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 3457054 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2014 06:54
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2014 06:54
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/5469

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