PRARANCANGAN PABRIK AMONIUM KLORIDA (NH4Cl) DARI AMONIA (NH3) DAN ASAM KLORIDA (HCl) DENGAN KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN

SEPTI QOMAH , 1215041045 (2018) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK AMONIUM KLORIDA (NH4Cl) DARI AMONIA (NH3) DAN ASAM KLORIDA (HCl) DENGAN KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN. FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Amonium Klorida (NH4Cl) berbahan baku Amonia (NH3) dan Asam Klorida (HCl) direncanakan didirikan di Banyuasin, Sumatera Selatan. Pendiriaan pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Amonium Klorida sebanyak 30.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Amoniak sebanyak 1.222,05 Kg/jam dan Asam Klorida sebanyak 7.791,92 Kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, pengadaan udara instrument, dan pengadaan refrigerant. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 144 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 247.823.012.657,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 43.733.472.822,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 291.556.485.479,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 44,77% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 20,53% Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Return on Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 1,89 tahun 2,26 tahun 28,39% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 22,71% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 36,26% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Amonium Klorida ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. MANUFACTURING OF AMMONIUM CHLORIDE (NH4Cl) FROM AMMONIA (NH3) AND HYDROGEN CHLORIDE (HCl) CAPACITY 30.000 TONS/YEAR (Reactor Design (RE-201)) Ammonium Chloride plant use raw materials Ammonia (NH3) and Hydrogen Chloride (HCl). The location of plant is planned in Banyuasin, South Sumatra. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the raw material resourcess, the transportation, the labors availability and also the environmental condition. Capacity of the plant is planned to production Ammoinum Chloride is 30.000 tons/year with operation time 24 hour/day, 330 hour/year. Raw materials used Ammonia (NH3) 1.222,05 Kg/hour and 7.791,92 Kg/hour of Hydrogen Chloride. The utility units consist of water supply system, heating oil supply system, steam supply system, instrument air supply system, and refrigerant supply system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 144 labors. From the economic analysis, it is obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp. 247.823.012.657,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp. 43.733.472.822,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp. 291.556.485.479,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 44,77% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 20,53% Pay Out Time before taxes Pay Out Time after taxes Return on Investment before taxes (POT)b (POT)a (ROI)b = = = 1,89 tahun 2,26 tahun 28,39% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 22,71% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 36,26% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of Ammonium Chloride plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Teknologi > Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 188426444 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2018 03:40
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2018 03:40
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/54816

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