Prarancangan pabrik sodium sulfat dari sodium klorida dan sulfur kapasitas 30.000 ton/tahun: perancangan reaktor (RE-201)

Dery Widiana, 0915041024 (2014) Prarancangan pabrik sodium sulfat dari sodium klorida dan sulfur kapasitas 30.000 ton/tahun: perancangan reaktor (RE-201). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

Abstrak Bahasa Indonesia Pabrik Sodium Sulfat berbahan baku Sodium Klorida dan Sulfur, direncanakan didirikan di Cilegon, Banten. Pendiriaan pabrik berasarkan atas pertimbangan akan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Sodium Sulfat sebanyak 30.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Sodium Klorida sebanyak 3.120,017 kg/jam dan Sulfur sebanyak 1.003,624 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan listrik, pengadaan gas oksigen dan udara instrument, pengadaan refrigerant, pengadaan gas sulfur dioksida dan pengadaan steam. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 175 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment(FCI) = Rp 356.186.148.246 Working Capital Investment(WCI) = Rp 62.856.379.102 Total Capital Investment(TCI) = Rp 419.042.527.348 Break Even Point (BEP) = 28,96 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 13,37 % Pay Out Time before taxes(POT)b = 1,44 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes(POT)a = 1,74 tahun Return on Investment before taxes(ROI)b = 42,97 % Return on Investment after taxes(ROI)a = 40,27 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 47,95 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Sodium Sulfat ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Abstract Bahasa Inggris Sodium Sulfate plant with raw materials, sodium chloride and sulfur is planned to be built in Cilegon, Banten. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the raw material resourcess, the transportation, the labors availability and also the environmental condition. This plant is meant to produce 30,000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used consist of 3,120.017 kg/hour of sodium chloride and 1,003.624 kg/hour of sulfur. The utility units consist of water supply system, power generation system, oxygen gas and air supply system, refrigerant supply system, sulfur dioxide gas supply system and steam supply system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 175 labors. From the economic analysis, it is obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment(FCI) = Rp 356,186,148,246 Working Capital Investment(WCI) = Rp 62.856,379,102 Total Capital Investment(TCI) = Rp 419,042,527,348 Break Even Point(BEP) = 28.96 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 13.37 % Pay Out Time before taxes(POT)b = 1.44 year Pay Out Time after taxes(POT)a = 1.74 year Return on Investment before taxes(ROI)b = 42.97 % Return on Investment after taxes(ROI)a = 40.27 % Discounted cash flow(DCF) = 47.95 % Considering the summary above, it is proper to study the establishment of Sodium Sulfate plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 1330091 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2014 03:38
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2014 03:38
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/5729

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