PRARANCANGAN PABRIK FURFURIL ALKOHOL DARI FURFURAL DAN HIDROGEN DENGAN KAPASITAS 18.000 TON/TAHUN Tugas Khusus Perancangan Reaktor Hidrogenasi (RE-201)

EKA NANDA PUTRIANI, 1315041021 (2019) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK FURFURIL ALKOHOL DARI FURFURAL DAN HIDROGEN DENGAN KAPASITAS 18.000 TON/TAHUN Tugas Khusus Perancangan Reaktor Hidrogenasi (RE-201). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik furfuril alkohol berbahan baku furfural dan hidrogen, akan didirikan di Kebomas, Gresik - Jawa Timur. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi furfuril alkohol sebanyak 18.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah furfural sebanyak 2.763,6585 kg/jam dan hidrogen sebanyak 117,8814 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik furfuril alkohol berupa : pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar, dan pengadaan udara kering. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 181 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 729.185.043.554,9470 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 137.258.361.139,7550 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 857.864.757.123,4670 Break Even Point (BEP) = 37 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,5 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 36,5 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 29 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 30 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik furfuril alkohol ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. Furfuryl alcohol plant produced by reacting furfural and hydrogen is planned to be in industrial factory in the region of Gresik in East Java Province. Plant will be established by considering the availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Production capacity is planned 18,000 tons/year, with operating time of 24 hours/day and 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used are much furfural 2.763,6585 kg/hr and hydrogen as 117,8814 kg/hr. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, steam supply systems, instrument air supply systems, and power generation systems. Labor needed as many as 181 people with a business entity form Limited Liability Company (PT) which is headed by a Director who is assisted by the Director of Production and Director of Finance with line and staff organizational structure. From the economic analysis is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 729.185.043.554,9470 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 137.258.361.139,7550 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp Rp 857.864.757.123,4670 Break Even Point (BEP) = 37 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,5 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 36,5 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 29 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 30 % Consider the summary above, it is proper establishment of furfuryl alcohol plant to studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: 600 Teknologi (ilmu terapan)
600 Teknologi (ilmu terapan) > 620 Ilmu teknik dan ilmu yang berkaitan
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: UPT . Desi Zulfi Melasari
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2022 02:54
Terakhir diubah: 20 Apr 2022 02:54
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/58668

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