PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ASAM BENZOAT DENGAN PROSES OKSIDASI TOLUENA KAPASITAS PRODUKSI 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Crystallizer-301 (CR-301))

Katrina Harahap, 1515041020 (2021) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ASAM BENZOAT DENGAN PROSES OKSIDASI TOLUENA KAPASITAS PRODUKSI 20.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Crystallizer-301 (CR-301)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Pabrik Asam Benzoat (C6H5COOH) berbahan baku Toluena (C6H5CH3) dan Udara, direncanakan didirikan di Kawasan Industri Brebes, Jawa Tengah. Pendiriaan pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Asam Benzoat sebanyak 20.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Toluena sebanyak 2.004,514 kg/jam dan Udara sebanyak 4.547,103 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, pengadaan udara instrument dan pengadaan refrigerant. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 148 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 430.123.317.484,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 75.904.114.850,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 506.027.432.335,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 41,89% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,31% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2,2 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,61 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 30,07% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 24,06% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 23,74% Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Asam Benzoat ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. Benzoic Acid plant with raw materials, Toluene and Air is planned to be built in Brebes, Central Java. Establishment of this plant is based on some consideration due to the transportation, the labors availability, the environmental condition, and also existence of some industrial that use Benzoic Acid as their raw material near this location. This plant is meant to produce 20,000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The raw materials used consist of 2.004,514 kg/hour of toluene and 4.547,103 kg/hour of air. The utility units consist of process air system, heat exchanger agent system, power generation system and instrumentation & control system. The bussines entity form is Limited Liability Company (Ltd) using line and staff organizational structure with 148 labors. From the economic analysis, it is obtained that: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 430.123.317.484,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 75.904.114.850,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 506.027.432.335,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 41,89% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 22,31% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 2,2 year Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 2,61 year Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 30,07% Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 24,06% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 23,74% Considering the summary above, it is proper to study the establishment of Benzoic Acid plant further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: 600 Teknologi (ilmu terapan) > 620 Ilmu teknik dan ilmu yang berkaitan
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: UPT . Meda Sulistiana
Date Deposited: 31 May 2022 03:08
Terakhir diubah: 31 May 2022 03:08
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/62240

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