PRARANCANGAN PABRIK XILEN DARI TOLUEN DENGAN PROSES DISPROPOSIONASI TOLUEN KAPASITAS 300.000 TON/TAHUN (PERANCANGAN KOLOM DISTILASI (DC-301)

NUKE AGUSTIN, 1415041042 (2021) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK XILEN DARI TOLUEN DENGAN PROSES DISPROPOSIONASI TOLUEN KAPASITAS 300.000 TON/TAHUN (PERANCANGAN KOLOM DISTILASI (DC-301). Fakultas Teknik, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

Xylenes are one of the important chemicals used as solvents. They are widely used as thinners and solvents is paints, varnishes, adhesives and inks. Xylene can be produced with several processes namely 1) Catalytic Reforming Process 2) Proses Pyrolisis Gasoline Process 3) Coke Oven Light Oil Process and 4) Disproportionation Toluene Process. On the Manufacturing of xylene was selected Disproportionation Toluene Process that is more profitable in terms of economics and thermodynamics than other processes. This factory is planned to be built in the industrial area of Central Cilacap District, Cilacap Regency, Central Java. The location selection is based on considerations of providing raw materials, transportation, labor, and the availability of other supporting facilities. The factory operates 24 hours/day, and 330 days/year. The form of company chosen is a Limited Liability Company (PT), with a line and staff organizational structure. The employee work system is based on the division of working hours consisting of shift and non-shift employees , with a total of 178 employees . From the results of economic analysis obtained ROI ( Return on Investment ) before tax of 30%, POT ( Pay Out Time ) after tax for 2.59 years, BEP ( Break Even Point ) 30%, SDP ( Shut Down Point ) of 25% and IRR ( Interest Rate of Return ) is 31.17%. Based on the evaluation results, it can be concluded that the Xylene Plant from Toluene with a capacity of 300.000 tons/year is considered feasible because it meets the standard requirements for the establishment of a factory. Keywords : Xylene, Toluene, Toluene Disproportionation,

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: 600 Teknologi (ilmu terapan)
600 Teknologi (ilmu terapan) > 620 Ilmu teknik dan ilmu yang berkaitan
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: UPT . Dito Nipati
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2022 07:53
Terakhir diubah: 02 Jun 2022 07:53
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/62431

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