PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ISOPROPANOLAMIN DARI PROPILEN OKSIDA DAN AMONIAK KAPASITAS 15.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (DC-301))

Arisanti Eva Wardani, 0815041025 (2015) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK ISOPROPANOLAMIN DARI PROPILEN OKSIDA DAN AMONIAK KAPASITAS 15.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Menara Distilasi (DC-301)). Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

Pabrik isopropanolamin berbahan baku propilen oksida dan amoniak, akan didirikan di Tanjung Siapi-api, Palembang, Sumatera Selatan. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi isopropanolamin sebanyak 15.000 ton/tahun,dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah propilen oksida sebanyak 1746,11 kg/jam dan amoniak sebanyak 2944,534 kg/jam. Jumlah karyawan sebanyak 143 orang dengan bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 240,590,020,360,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 42,457,062,416,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 283,047,082,776,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 55% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,11% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,63 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 23,75 % Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 29,17% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 67,247,410,190/tahun Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik isopropanolamin ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. A plant to produce isopropanolamine from propylene oxide and ammonia is planned to be located at Tanjung Siapi-Api, Palembang, South Sumatera. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Capacity of the plant is 15.000 tons/year operating 24 hour/day and 330 working days/ year. The plant required 1746,11kg/hr propylene oxide and 2944,534 kg/hr ammonia. Quantity of labor is around 143 people. The plant is managed as a Limited Liability Company (PT), which is headed by a Director who is assisted by a Director of Production and Director of Finance. The company is organized in the form of line and staff structure. From analysis of the plant economy is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 240,590,020,360,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 42,457,062,416,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 283,047,082,776,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 55% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,11% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,63 year Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 23,75 % Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 29,17% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 67,247,410,190/year By considering above the summary, it is suitable study further the isopropanolamine plant since plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Teknologi >
Teknologi >
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 9601674 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 07:47
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2015 07:47
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/8795

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