PRARANCANGAN PABRIK MAGNESIUM KLORIDA DARI MAGNESIUM HIDROKSIDA DAN ASAM KLORIDA KAPASITAS 35000 TON/TAHUN (PERANCANGAN REAKTOR (R-201)

RAYSA ANINDYA, 0815041050 (2015) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK MAGNESIUM KLORIDA DARI MAGNESIUM HIDROKSIDA DAN ASAM KLORIDA KAPASITAS 35000 TON/TAHUN (PERANCANGAN REAKTOR (R-201). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK Pabrik magnesium klorida berbahan magnesium hiroksida dan asam klorida, akan didirikan di Purwakarta Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi magnesium klorida sebanyak 35.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah magnesium hidroksida sebanyak 2.853,087 kg/jam dan asam klorida 3.571,864 kg/jam. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik magnesium klorida berupa: pengadaan air, pengadaan steam, pengadaan listrik, kebutuhan bahan bakar, dan pengadaan udara kering. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 138 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 284.378.913.289,850 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 50.184.514.109,974 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 334.563.427.399,824 Break Even Point (BEP ) = 44,86% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 19,56% Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 3,15 years Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 18,52% Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 24,39% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 61.966.806,175/year Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Magnesium Klorida ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT A plant to produce magnesium chloride from magnesium hydroxide and hydrochloride acid is planned to be located at Purwakarta, West Java. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Capacity of the plant is 35.000 tons/year operating 24 hour/day and 330 working days/ year. The plant required 2.853,087 kg/hr magnesium hydroxide and 3.571,864 kg/hr hydrochloride acid. Quantity of labor is around 138 people. The plant is managed as a Limited Liability Company (PT), which is headed by a Director who is assisted by a Director of Production and Director of Finance. The company is organized in the form of line and staff structure. From analysis of the plant economy is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 284.378.913.289,850 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 50.184.514.109,974 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 334.563.427.399,824 Break Even Point (BEP) = 44,86% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 19,56% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 3,15 year Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 18,52 % Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 24,39% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 61.966.806,175/year By considering above the summary, it is suitable study further the isopropanolamine plant since plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 8094498 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 06:37
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 06:37
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/9547

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