Prarancangan Pabrik Paraldehida dari Asetaldehida dengan Katalis Asam Sulfat dan Asam Fosfat Kapasitas 21.000 ton/tahun

Andani Diah Arum Savitri, 0815041021 (2015) Prarancangan Pabrik Paraldehida dari Asetaldehida dengan Katalis Asam Sulfat dan Asam Fosfat Kapasitas 21.000 ton/tahun. Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK PRARANCANGAN PABRIK PARALDEHIDA DARI ASETALDEHIDA DENGAN KATALIS ASAM SULFAT DAN ASAM FOSFAT KAPASITAS 21.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor (RE-201)) Oleh ANDANI DIAH ARUM SAVITRI Pabrik paraldehida berbahan baku asetaldehida, akan didirikan di Kawasan Industri Gresik, Gresik, Jawa Timur. Pabrik ini berdiri dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi paraldehida sebanyak 21.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah asetaldehida sebanyak 2810,69 kg/jam, katalis asam sulfat sebanyak 5,62 kg/jam dan asam fosfat sebanyak 11,24 kg/jam. Jumlah karyawan sebanyak 132 orang dengan bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 810.504.088.778,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 143.030.133.314,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 953.534.222.092,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 55% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,97% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,64 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 23,64 % Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 30,7% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 258.239.203.406/tahun Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik paraldehida ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik. ABSTRACT PRADESIGN OF PARALDEHYDE PLANT FROM ACETALDEHYDE WITH SULFONIC ACID AND PHOSPORIC ACID CAPACITY 21.000 TONS/YEAR (Design Reactor (RE-201)) By ANDANI DIAH ARUM SAVITRI A plant to produce paraldehyde from acetaldehyde is planned to be located at Kawasan Industri Gresik, Gresik, East Java. The plant is established by considering availability of raw materials, transportation facilities, readily available labor and environmental conditions. Capacity of the plant is 21.000 tons/year operating 24 hour/day and 330 working days/ year. The plant required 2810,69 kg/hr acetaldehyde, 5,62 kg/hr sulfonic acid, and 11,24 kg/hr phosporic acid. Quantity of labor is around 132 people. The plant is managed as a Limited Liability Company (PT), which is headed by a Director who is assisted by a Director of Production and Director of Finance. The company is organized in the form of line and staff structure. From analysis of the plant economy is obtained: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 810.504.088.778,- Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 143.030.133.314,- Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 953.534.222.092,- Break Even Point (BEP) = 55% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 25,97% Pay Out Time after Taxes (POT)a = 2,64 tahun Return on Investment after Taxes (ROI)a = 23,64 % Internal Rate Return (IRR) = 30,7% Annual Net Profit (Pa) = Rp 258.239.203.406/tahun By considering above the summary, it is suitable study further the paraldehyde plant since plant is profitable and has good prospects.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 5997326 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 04 May 2015 02:48
Last Modified: 04 May 2015 02:48
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/9649

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