PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS MELALUI PENDEKATAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL) SISWA KELAS IX SMP AL KAUTSAR BANDARLAMPUNG

Merry Oktarina, 132304025 (2015) PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS MELALUI PENDEKATAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL) SISWA KELAS IX SMP AL KAUTSAR BANDARLAMPUNG. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS MELALUI PENDEKATAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL) SISWA KELAS IX SMP AL KAUTSAR BANDARLAMPUNG Oleh Merry Oktarina Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah kurangnya hasil belajar dan tingkat kemampuan menulis siswa kelas IX SMP Al Kautsar Bandarlampung. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan (1) Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP) dengan pendekatan CTL, (2) pelaksanaan pembelajaran menulis teks pidato dengan menggunakan pendekatan CTL, (3) sistem penilaian pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan CTL, (4) kemampuan menulis kelas IX SMP Al Kautsar Bandarlampung dengan menggunakan pendekatan CTL. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas (classroom action research). Objek penelitian adalah siswa kelas IX B. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam tiga siklus. Siklus I menggunakan pendekatan kontekstual dengan penekanan pada konstruktivisme, masyarakat belajar, inkuiri, dan penilaian autentik. Siklus II menggunakan pendekatan kontekstual dengan penekanan pada kontruktivisme, inkuiri, bertanya, masyarakat belajar, dan penilaian autentik. Siklus III penekanan pada masyarakat belajar, pemodelan, refleksi, dan penilaian autentik. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi dan tes. Data dianalisis dengan cara kualitatif dan kuantitatif berdasarkan prinsip PTK. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP) melalui pendekatan pembelajaran kontekstual yaitu dari siklus I cukup, siklus II meningkat menjadi baik, siklus III meningkat menjadi sangat baik. Begitu pula untuk pelaksanaan pembelajaran melalui pendekatan pembelajaran kontekstual, yaitu dari siklus I cukup, siklus II meningkat menjadi baik, siklus III meningkat menjadi sangat baik. Untuk sistem penilaian juga mengalami peningkatan yaitu siklus I rata-rata nilai siswa 70, siklus II meningkat menjadi 73 dan siklus III 83. Peningkatan kemampuan menulis teks pidato melalui pendekatan pembelajaran kontekstual yaitu prasiklus 66,20 siklus I meningkat 70,27 ada peningkatan sebesar 4,07, siklus II 73,33 ada peningkatan sebesar 3,46 dan siklus III 83,33 ada peningkatan sebesar 9,6. Kata kunci : kemampuan menulis, teks pidato, dan Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) ABSTRACT THE IMPROVEMENT OF STUDENTS WRITING ABILITY THROUGH CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL) APPROACH AT CLASS IX SMP AL KAUTSAR BANDARLAMPUNG By Merry Oktarina The problem in this research is the lack of learning result and level of students writing ability of class IX at SMP Al Kautsar Bandarlampung. This research is aimed to increase (1) the lesson plans, (2) the learning implementation of writing speech text, (3) learning scoring system , (4) students’ writing ability class IX at SMP Al Kautsar Bandarlampung through CTL. The method of this research is a classroom action research, while this research object is student of class IX B. This research was conducted in three cycles. Cycle I used a contextual approach by demanding on constructivism, learning community, inquiry, and authentic assessment. Cycle II used a contextual approach by demanding on constructivism, learning community, inquiry, question and authentic assessment. Cycle III demanded on learning community, modelling, reflection, and authentic assessment. The data was collected by observation technique and test. However, it was analyzed by combining qualitative and quantitative one. The result of this research showed an improvement of lesson plans through contextual learning approach. The result of Cycle I indicated a fair increase. Cycle II resulted a slight climb from fair to good. However, the result of Cycle III showed an excellent point. It also occured in the implementation of learning through contextual learning approach, which showed fair for Cycle I, good for Cycle II, and excellent for Cycle III. There was assessment system which also experienced an improvement in all cycle. Cycle I showed an increase which students’ average score was 70. In Cycle II, there was a slight rise for about 73. However, a leap result was gotten in which it showed 83 for the students’ average score. On the other hand, the improvement of writing ability for speech text through contextual learning approach was about 4.07 which was from 66.20 in pre-Cycle to 70.27 in Cycle I, meanwhile the slight rise in Cycle II was about 3.46. However, a leap which occured in Cycle III was about 9.6. Keywords: writing ability, speech text, and Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL)

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Program Studi: Fakultas KIP > Prodi Magister Pendidikan Bahasa dan sastra Indonesia
Depositing User: 7926925 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2015 04:25
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 02:33
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/10229

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