PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH SISWA KELAS XII SMAN 1 AMBARAWA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2014/2015

Kasiyah, 1323041023 (2015) PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH SISWA KELAS XII SMAN 1 AMBARAWA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2014/2015. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstrak

Kemampuan menulis siswa kelas XII SMAN 1 Ambarawa tergolong rendah. Oleh karena itu perlu dicari solusinya, agar kemampuan siswa meningkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan (1) Desain Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP) melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah, (2) pelaksanaan pembelajaran melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah, (3) evaluasi pembelajaran melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah, dan (4) peningkatan kemampuan menulis kelas XII IPA 2 SMAN 1 Ambarawa melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas (classroom action research). Objek penelitian adalah siswa kelas XII IPA 2 SMAN 1 Ambarawa. Penelitian dilakukan dalam tiga siklus. Siklus satu menggunakan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah dengan penekanan pada kontruktivis, inkuiri, hipotesis, pemecahan masalah, siklus dua menggunakan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah dengan penekanan pada kolaborasi, penilaian autentik, penjelasan masalah. Siklus tiga dengan penekanan pada kolaborasi, memamerkan hasil, refleksi, dan penilaian autentik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP) melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yaitu dari siklus 1 cukup, siklus dua meningkat menjadi baik, dan siklus tiga meningkat menjadi sangat baik. Untuk pelaksanaan pembelajaran melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah juga mengalami peningkatan, yaitu siklus I cukup, siklus II meningkat menjadi baik, dan siklus III meningkat menjadi sangat baik. Begitu pula untuk sistem penilaian juga mengalami peningkatan yaitu siklus I rata-rata nilai siswa 72,14, siklus II meningkat menjadi 80,17, dan pada siklus III meningkat menjadi 86,85. Peningkatan kemampuan menulis karangan dengan pola deduksi/induksi melalui model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yaitu prasiklus 64,71 siklus I meningkat 72,14 ada peningkatan sebesar 7,43, siklus II 80,17 ada peningkatan sebesar 8,03, dan siklus III 86,85 ada peningkatan sebesar 6,68. Kata Kunci: kemampuan menulis, Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah, dan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) The Improvement of Writing Ability Through Problem Based Learning Model Toward The Twelve Grade Student of SMA N 1 Ambarawa 2014/2015 By Kasiyah The competence of grade XII students of IPA 2 at SMAN 1 Ambarawa is low category. Therefore, it should be found the way out so that the students competence is in creasing. The objective of this research are to describe (1) The compilation of lesson for Indonesian Language in writing using PBL model, (2) The Implementation of Indonesian Language Lesson in writing using PBL model, (3) The evaluation of Indonesian Language Lesson in writing using PBL model, and The Improving of writing ability, XII Grade SMAN 1 Ambarawa through PBL model. This research methodology use was class action research. The object of the research is the student of class XII IPA 2. This action research which lasted in three cycles. First cycle is implementation of learning using PBL component contructivism, inquiry, hypothesis, and problemsolving. Second cycle, using PBL component learning collaboration, authentic assessment, and problem explanation. Third cycle, using component collaboration, presenting result, reflection, and authentic assessment. The result of this research showed an improvement of lesson plans through problem based learning approach. The result of cycle I indicated a fair increase. Cycle II resulted a slight climb from fair to good. However, the result of cycle III showed an excellent point. It also occurred in the implementation of learning throught problem based learningapproach, which showed fair for cycle I, good for cycle II, and excellent fpr cycle III. There was assessment system which also experienced an improvement in all cycle. Cycle I showed an increase which students’ average skors was 72,14. In cycle II, khere was a slight rise for about 81,28. However, a leap result was gotten in which it showed 90,92 for the students’average score. On the other hand, the improvement of writing ability for writing throught problem based learning approach was about 7,43 which was from 64,71 in precycle to 72,14 in cycle I, mean while the slight rise in cycle II was about 9,14. However, a leap which occurred in cycle III was about 9,64. Keywords: writing ability, problem based learning, and Class Action Reseach (PTK)

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Program Studi: Fakultas KIP > Prodi Magister Pendidikan Bahasa dan sastra Indonesia
Depositing User: 3705355 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 07:51
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 02:33
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/11050

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