PRARANCANGAN PABRIK KALSIUM HIPOKLORIT DENGAN KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Spray Dryer (SD-301))

FRANSISKA PURBA, 1015041059 (2017) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK KALSIUM HIPOKLORIT DENGAN KAPASITAS 40.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Spray Dryer (SD-301)). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK Pabrik Kalsium hipoklorit berbahan baku kalsium hidroksida dan Asam hipoklorit, direncanakan didirikan di Gresik, Jawa Timur. Pendirian pabrik berdasarkan atas pertimbangan akan ketersediaan bahan baku, sarana transportasi yang memadai, tenaga kerja yang mudah didapatkan dan kondisi lingkungan. Pabrik direncanakan memproduksi Kalsium Hipoklorit sebanyak 40.000 ton/tahun, dengan waktu operasi 24 jam/hari, 330 hari/tahun. Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah Kalsium Hidroksida sebanyak 2.369,3655 kg/jam dan Asam Hipoklorit sebanyak 5.477,5570 kg/jam. ABSTRACT Calcium Hypochlorite plant with raw materials calcium hydroxide and hypochlorite acid will be build in Gresik, East Java. Establishment of this plant in East Java due to raw material resourcess, transportation, labors and also environmental condition. This plant will produce 40.000 tons/year, with time of operation 24 hours/day, and 330 days on a year. The raw material which use are calcium hydroxide 2.369,3655 kg/hour and hypochlorite acid 5.477,5570 kg/hour. This plant has utility units which the function are for water treatment, water supply, air instrument unit, power generation, refrigerant unit, and steam. The bussines entity of this plant is limited liability company (PT) and using line and staff structure with 136 labors. From financial annalyze: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 221.976.797.139 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 39.172.375.105 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 261.149.173.105 Break Even Point (BEP) = 55,25 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 20,57 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,41 years Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,71 years Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 51,59 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 41,27 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 81,42 % Consider the summary above, it is proper establishment of Calcium Hypochlorite plant is studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik terdiri dari unit pengadaan air, pengadaan listrik, pengadaan udara instrument, pengadaan refrigerant, dan pengadaan steam. Bentuk perusahaan adalah Perseroan Terbatas (PT) menggunakan struktur organisasi line dan staff dengan jumlah karyawan sebanyak 136 orang. Dari analisis ekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 221.976.797.139 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 39.172.375.105 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 261.149.173.105 Break Even Point (BEP) = 55,25 % Shut Down Point (SDP) = 20,57 % Pay Out Time before taxes (POT)b = 1,41 tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT)a = 1,71 tahun Return on Investment before taxes (ROI)b = 51,59 % Return on Investment after taxes (ROI)a = 41,27 % Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 81,42 % Mempertimbangkan paparan di atas, sudah selayaknya pendirian pabrik Kalsium Hipoklorit ini dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dan mempunyai masa depan yang baik.

Jenis Karya Akhir: Skripsi
Subyek: > Teknologi (General)
> Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)

> Memproduksi
> Memproduksi
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi S1-Teknik Kimia
Pengguna Deposit: 9095436 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 04:31
Terakhir diubah: 20 Jun 2017 04:31
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/27043

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