PRARANCANGAN PABRIK POTASSIUM CHLORATE DARI POTASSIUM CHLORIDE DENGAN KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor Elektrolisis -201 (RE-201)

Tauhid Ashadi, 1015041068 (2018) PRARANCANGAN PABRIK POTASSIUM CHLORATE DARI POTASSIUM CHLORIDE DENGAN KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN (Perancangan Reaktor Elektrolisis -201 (RE-201). FAKULTAS TEKNIK, UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG.

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ABSTRAK PRARANCANGAN PABRIK POTASSIUM CHLORATE DARI POTASSIUM CHLORIDE DENGAN KAPASITAS 30.000 TON/TAHUN Perancangan Reaktor Elektrolisis -201 (RE-201) leh Tauhid Ashadi Potassium Chlorate merupakan salah satu produk industri kimia yang digunakan sebagai bahan baku pembuatan korek api, peledak, dan pupuk. Potassium Chlorate dapat diproduksi dengan beberapa proses yaitu 1) Proses pembuatan KClO 3 daru KCl dengan menggunakan Reaktor Elektrolisis 2) pembuatan KClO 3 dari Cl dengan menggunakan Reaktor Bubble. Penyediaan kebutuhan utilitas pabrik berupa sistem pengolahan dan penyediaan air, sistem penyediaan steam, chilling water, dan sistem pembangkit tenaga listrik. Kapasitas produksi pabrik Potassium Chlorate direncanakan 30.000 ton/tahun dengan 330 hari kerja dalam 1 tahun. Lokasi pabrik direncanakan didirikan di daerah Bungah duku, Gersik Jawa Timur. Tenaga kerja yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 193 orang dengan bentuk badan usaha Perseroan Terbatas (PT) dengan struktur organisasi line and staff. Dari analisisekonomi diperoleh: Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 307.949.734.228 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 53.806.010.640 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 361.755.744.868 Break Even Point (BEP) = 43,8657% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,43% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 2,196 Tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 3,519 Tahun Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI) b = 30% Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI) a = 24% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 20,94% Berdasarkan beberapa paparan di atas, maka pendirian pabrik Potassium Chlorate ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut, karena merupakan pabrik yang menguntungkan dari sisi ekonomi dan mempunyai prospek yang relatif cukup baik. ABSTRACT PREDESIGN OF POTASSIUM CHLORATE FROM POTASSIUM CHLORIDE CAPACITY 30.000 TONS/YEARS (Design Electolisis Reactor -201 (RE-201)) By Tauhid Ashadi Potassium Chlorate is one of the product industry chemicals are used as the raw materials for matches, explosives, and fertilizer. Potassium Chlorate can be produced by some of the process is : 1) Production KClO 3 from KCl with Electolisis Reactor, 2) Production KClO 3 from Cl with Bubble Reactor. Provision of utility plant needs a treatment system and water supply, chilling water, and Generator electrical power system. Capacity of the plant is planned to production aniline is 30.000 tons/year with 330 working days in a year. The location of plant is planned in Bungah duku, Gersik Jawa Timur. Labor needed in this plant as many as 193 people with a business entityform Limited Liability Company (PT) with line and staff organizational structure. From teh economic analysis is obtained : Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) = Rp 307.949.734.228 Working Capital Investment (WCI) = Rp 53.806.010.640 Total Capital Investment (TCI) = Rp 361.755.744.868 Break Even Point (BEP) = 43,8657% Shut Down Point (SDP) = 23,43% Pay Out Time before taxes (POT) b = 2,196 Tahun Pay Out Time after taxes (POT) a = 3,519 Tahun Return onInvestment before taxes (ROI) b = 30% Return onInvestment after taxes (ROI) a = 24% Discounted cash flow (DCF) = 20,94% By considering above the summary, it is proper establishment of Potassium Chlorate plant for studied further, because the plant is profitable and has good prospects future.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: Q Science (General) > QD Chemistry
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi > Teknologi (General)
Teknologi (General)
Program Studi: Fakultas Teknik > Prodi Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: 98024679 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 08:09
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 08:09
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/30237

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