KERAJINAN KAIN TENUN SONGKET DALAM UPAYA PELESTARIAN BUDAYA DAERAH PALEMBANG DI DESA MUARA PENIMBUNG ULU KECAMATAN INDRALAYA KABUPATEN OGAN ILIR PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN TAHUN 2012

NOVI SRI RIZKI RUKMANA, 0813034033 (2014) KERAJINAN KAIN TENUN SONGKET DALAM UPAYA PELESTARIAN BUDAYA DAERAH PALEMBANG DI DESA MUARA PENIMBUNG ULU KECAMATAN INDRALAYA KABUPATEN OGAN ILIR PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN TAHUN 2012. Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Lampung.

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HALAMAN PENGESAHAN.pdf

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Abstrak

ABSTRAK Kain tenun songket adalah salah satu bagian dari hasil budaya masyarakat Palembang. Berdasarkan catatan sejarah kesultanan Palembang, kepandaian bertenun songket selalu diwariskan secara turun temurun melalui pembelajaran informal. Pada tahun 1980-an sebahagian besar masyarakat Palembang memiliki keahlian bertenun. Bila diamati dari segi bentuk, kain songket membawa pengaruh akulturasi dari budaya Kong Hu Chu dan India. Karena pada masa itu Palembang adalah tempat perdagangan kerajaan Sriwijaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tentang persepsi kerajian tenun songket dalam upaya pelestarian budaya daerah Palembang oleh pengrajin, tokoh masyarakat, dan masyarakat. Kajian penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kebudayaan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dengan pengrajin, tokoh masyarakat, dan masyarakat Desa Muara Penimbung Ulu serta studi literatur dan observasi atas songket Palembang. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) keadaan iklim tergolong iklim D, (2) songket telah terdaftar ada 22 jenis motif, (3) persepsi pengrajin yaitu pembelajaran songket yang merupakan tradisi secara turun temurun, penambahan ragam fungsi dan ragam motif sangat diperlukan, (4) persepsi tokoh masyarakat yaitu songket saat ini mengalami perubahan atau perkembangan, (5) persepsi masyarakat yaitu ragam motif songket semakin bertambah. Kata Kunci : Songket, Budaya, Palembang. ABSTRACT Songket woven craft is a one part of the culture results Palembang community. Based on historical records Palembang’s sultanate, skilled of songket weave always passed down from generation to generation through informal learning. In the 1980’s, majority Palembang communties have a skill weaving. When observated in terms of the form, songket an influence of acculturation of Kong Hu Chu and India culture. Because of the time is a trade Palembang Sriwijaya kingdom. This rasearch study to assess the perception of songket weaving in the preservation of local culture Palembang by artisans, community leaders, and communities. This research study uses descriptive research method with artisans, community leaders, and communities in Muara Penimbung Ulu Village as well as titerature and the observations of Palembang songket. This research study examines a perceptions of artisans, community leaders, and communities about songket woven craft on the preservation of the local culture of Palembang songket. Research results indicate that (1) the climate were classified as D of climate, (2) has been registered songket there are 22 types of motifs, (3) perception of craftsmen are learning songket which is a tradition for generations, adding versatility and the motif is necessary, (4) perceptions of community leaders that songket are currently experiencing changes or developments, (5) public perception that diversity is increasing songket motifs. Key Words : Songket, Culture, Palembang.

Tipe Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi
Subyek: A General Works = Karya Karya Umum > Karya Karya Umum = 000
Program Studi: Fakultas KIP > Prodi Pendidikan Geografi IPS
Depositing User: 0091356 . Digilib
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2015 03:19
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2015 03:19
URI: http://digilib.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/6635

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